The Future of BIM in Brazilian construction sector
Civil construction is of extreme importance in the Brazilian economy, according to Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), in 2016 the construction activity totaled Brazilian Real (BRL) 318.7 billion (at writing date 1 Euro = 4.35 BRL). The value of construction works and services reached BRL 299.1 billion, 31.5% of which came from works contracted by public entities (BRL 94.1 billion) and the rest by individuals and / or private entities. In latest estimations, including companies and affiliates, civil construction in Brazil has 176,000 establishments and generates 2,6 million jobs in the country. Building construction is the area with the greatest potential, the segment has an aggregate value of approximately BRL 74 billion, followed by infrastructure works (BRL 65 billion), and specialized services (BRL 39.4 billion). In addition, the investment in construction is fundamental to solve another problem of the country, the housing demand, a survey conducted by the São Paulo State Housing Syndicate (Secovi-SP) in partnership with the Getúlio Vargas Foundation (FGV) estimates that, between 2015 and 2025, Brazil must build 14.5 million new homes to meet the housing deficit.
The National Strategy is divided in three phases, starting in January 2021 which focus on architectural and engineering projects for new constructions, extensions or rehabilitations; The second phase, starting in January 2024, should contemplate stages that involve the work, such as the planning of the execution of the work, for new constructions, renovations, extensions or rehabilitations; The third phase, starting in January 2028, covers the entire life cycle of the work when considering post-work activities. At this stage, BIM will be applied at least to new constructions, renovations, extensions or rehabilitations, when considered of medium or high relevance, the uses provided for in the first and second phases, and in the management and maintenance of the project after its completion.
The indicators and targets above are based on the objectives of expanding the use of BIM and increasing the productivity of the construction sector. According to research and studies of FGV this year, 9.2% of companies in the construction sector have already implemented BIM in their work routine.
The BIM BR Strategy aims to:
- Increase the productivity of companies by 10% (production per employee of companies that adopt BIM);
- Reduce costs by 9.7% (production costs of companies that adopt BIM);
- Increase the adoption of BIM by 10 times;
- To increase the participation of Civil Construction by 28.9% (with the adoption of BIM, instead of 2.0% per year is expected to grow by 2.6% between 2018 and 2028, achieving in total of 28.9% growth in the period, an unprecedented level of production in the country).
The national strategy has nine specific objectives:
- Spread BIM and its benefits;
- Coordinate the structuring of the public sector for the adoption of BIM;
- Create favorable conditions for public and private investment in BIM;
- Stimulate training in BIM;
- Propose normative acts that establish parameters for public procurement and contracting using BIM;
- Develop specific technical standards, guidelines and protocols for the adoption of BIM;
- Develop the Platform and the BIM National Library;
- Stimulate the development and application of new technologies related to BIM;
- Encourage market competition through neutral BIM interoperability standards.
The international cooperation is very well seen, for example, within the official work group of Brazilian entities related to BIM, Finland is recognized as one of the leading countries in this segment, beside of UK, with whom the Brazilian Ministry of Industry, Foreign Trade and Services (MDIC) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) related to BIM in December 2016. The objective of the MoU is to promote economic development and growth through commercial expansion, as well as increase the efficiency of operations and allow better mutual understanding of their respective regulatory environments.